More than 300 years back, several factors were at the origins of the press evolution, which have, eventually, led towards newspapers to take shape and be the way they are today. First of all, the press was founded by William Caxton in 1426 and newspapers were first to be seen in the 16th century. Then, the birth of periodical as well as tabloid newspapers on a weekly basis followed by daily ones were founded when the rapid pace of industrialization was taking over the world which then gave rise to the journalist career.
‘Corante’ was the first titled newspaper and was published in London with only 7 pages in 1702. In 1709, ‘Worcester Postman’ was launched as a regular newspaper; considered the oldest surviving English newspaper.
On the one hand, in 1702 (during the reign of Queen Anne), the first daily newspaper was launched, in the name of ‘Daily Courant’, while on the other, the late 1700s and early 1800s saw great changes in the newspaper world with different Act enacted. In 1868, Press Association was set up as a national News Agency and National Union of Journalists founded as a wage-earners union was born in 1907 which were the main reasons for which daily newspapers were prominently published on a constant basis and indeed, got relatively high rates of readership. The oldest newspapers still in activity are the: - The Press & Journal, previously Aberdeen Journal, 1748, The Observer 1791, Omskirk Advertiser ...
There are several ways to classify newspapers, either by publication frequencies and periodicities (daily, weekly and monthly), by type ( informative, entertainment, …) or by diffusion zone ( local, international, …) .More than 40, 000 sales point or subscription with 46 million British who read at one daily title per day ( 2001) whereby e-editions are dominant in this age of technological advancement.
History of obituaries in written press
History is proof that informing the death of a relative or close one emerged to be something very important. Since time immemorial, death announcers adopted missions to walk down streets along with shaking bells to call out the names of the person who passed away together with the day, date and time of funeral ceremony thus informing the neighborhood about the termination of someone’s life.
However, with the advent of printing services by William Caxton, announcing deaths and funerals were easier for families in urban areas when posters started getting plastered on the walls of the city and/or church doors.
As time flew, in the eighteenth century, also known as the golden age for printing and written press, the 1800s and 1900s with the industrialization and development of the fortnight regional titles gave the possibilities for obituaries which were previously posted on doors or windows to appear in newspapers. More people were being able to receive the news about someone’s death in a systematic manner.
Nowadays, there are specialized websites which offer opportunities to publish obituaries in newspapers with a wide choice and under several titles at the same time.